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THE PAROUSIA

A Careful Look at Our Lord's Second Coming

By James Stuart Russell, M.A., D.Div.

NOTE: Audio files are under construction.

Critical Reviews of the Parousia:

"I believe that Russell's work is one of the most important treatments on Biblical eschatology that is available to the church today. The issues raised in this volume with respect to the time-frame references of the New Testament to the Parousia are vitally important not only for eschatology but for the future debate over the credibility of Sacred Scripture."

"I can never read the New Testament again the same way I read it before reading The Parousia. I hope better scholars than I will continue to analyze and evaluate the content of J. Stuart Russell's important work." —Dr. R. C. Sproul, The founder and chairman of Ligonier Ministries

"How many times have you struggled with the interpretation of certain Biblical texts related to the time of Jesus' return because they did not fit with a preconceived system of eschatology? Russell's Parousia takes the Bible seriously when it tells us of the nearness of Christ's return. Those who claim to interpret the Bible literally often trip over the obvious meaning of these time texts by making Scripture mean the opposite of what it unequivocally declares. Reading Russell is a breath of fresh air in a room filled with smoke and mirror hermeneutics." — Gary DeMar, Author of Last Days Madness

Although I do not agree with all the conclusions of J. Stuart Russell's The Parousia, I highly recommend this well-organized, carefully argued, and compellingly written defense of preterism to serious and mature students of the Bible. It is one of the most persuasive and challenging books I have read on the subject of eschatology and has had a great impact on my own thinking. Russell's biblical theological study of New Testament eschatology sets a standard of excellence." — Dr. Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr., Author of Before Jerusalem Fell

"throws so much new light upon obscure portions of the Scriptures, and is accompanied with so much critical research and close reasoning, that it can be injurious to none and may be profitable for all." —Charles H. Spurgeon

In view of Dr. Russell's insightful observations, no serious student of Biblical escatology should attempt to construct a systemeatic scheme of apocalyptic events without first consulting this 19th century work, The Parousia." — Walt Hibbard, Great Christian Books


From the Congregational Year Book for 1896.

The text has been lightly edited, and both the orthography and
the punctuation have been conformed to American conventions.
Roman numeral scripture references have been converted to Arabic.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

PREFACE TO THE BOOK

INTRODUCTORY.

THE LAST WORDS OF OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY.


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Comments

James Stuart Russels Sticky Note
The Parousia teaches that Christ's Second Coming took place in A. D. 70, at which time the dead saints were resurrected and caught-up to Heaven, and the living saints were bodily caught-up to Heaven. The Parousia also teaches that Revelation 20:5-10 (unlike the rest of Revelation) is still unfulfilled.

James Stuart Russel did not teach that Revelation 20:5-10 is unfulfilled. James Stuart Russell Simply said in his book he didn't have an answer for the millenium or Rev 20: 5-10.

And also in several places in the bible it says the Earth will Never End.

Ecc 1:4 is just one example.

Ecclesiastes 1:4 (New International Version)

Generations come and generations go,
but the earth remains forever.

I suggest you stop inferring that he taught it. He simply after all his great work and research had to throw up his hands and say
I don't Know.
#1 - Vinnie - 06/29/2012 - 16:20
Re: James Stuart Russel - Rev. 20:5-10 is unfulfilled
Vinne, you accuse us of making a false inference when stating that Russel taught that Revelation 20:5-10 was unfulfilled. I will let Russel's own words speak for themselves and let the reader decide if our statement is accurate or not. He writes the following in his book:

"It would have been an abuse of language to say that the events at the distance of a thousand years were to come to pass shortly; we are therefore compelled to regard this prediction as lying outside the apocalyptic limits altogether.

We must consequently regard this prediction of the loosing of Satan, and the events that follow, as still future, and therefore unfulfilled. We know of nothing recorded in history which can be adduced as in any way a probable fulfilment of this prophecy...

The result of the whole is, that we must consider the passage which treats of the thousand years, from Rev. 20:5-10, as an intercalation or parenthesis. The Seer, having begun to relate the judgment of the dragon, passes in Rev. 20:7 out of the apocalyptic limits to conclude what he had to say respecting the final punishment of 'the old serpent,' and the fate that awaited him at the close of a lengthened period called 'a thousand years.' This we believe to be the sole instance in the whole book of an excursion into distant futurity; and we are disposed to regard the whole parenthesis as relating to matters still future and unfulfilled. The broken continuity of the narration is joined again at Rev. 20:11, where the Seer resumes the account of what he beheld in vision, introducing it by the familiar formula 'And I saw.'"

#2 - James - 07/04/2012 - 21:35
A Great Youtube Channel For Biblical Eschatology
Without a doubt, Don Preston is probably the most knowledgeable on the Subject in the World Today. I don' know anyone else who even comes close.

http://www.youtube.com/user/MrDonPreston
#3 - Vinnie - 07/04/2012 - 21:40
I see Said the Blind Man to His Deaf Son as He Picked up His Hammer and Saw
However, again just because Stuart Russell did not find an answer doesn't mean there isn't one and Again I will have to look at my original copy of the book, what page was that on? As I remember Russell Merely saying he didn't have any other explanation other than to say he honestly didn't know. But another interesting point. In the New Testament,

1 Corinthians 15:26

New International Version (NIV)

26 The last enemy to be destroyed is death.

Well if Christ didn't destroy it as he said, the bible clearly

states Satan's Head will soon be crushed under his feat.

Not Soon = 2000 years later, that is pure nonsense.

But back to my original point, If The last enemy to be conquered

was death, and according to the Bible it wasn't the First, the 2nd or the 3rd but the last enemy, not the Devil, Death was the last enemy, you have to ask yourself a question, Did Christ Conquer Death, The Last Enemy or Did he Not?

Was not his resurrection the supposed truth that he in fact did?

And again, if Death, not the Devil was the Last Enemy to be conquered, where is the enemy now?

DONE< FINISHED< CRUSHED, Simple Yes? Otherwise Jesus didn't finish the Job if the devil is still hanging around 2000 years later.

No, the Truth of the Matter is, The Devil = Lived = Past Tense and
the evil conducted in his name today is nothing more than wicked individuals choosing to do evil. Not some Supernatural Being coercing them to do it.

Is there a War between Darkness and Light? Like if I go into a room,
A Dark Room and turn on the Light Switch, is there a struggle for the light to dispel the darkness instantly or not?

In the same way the only struggle today within a man or a woman is
darkness against darkness, Light wins Hands down, Instantly every time without effort or struggle.

No the only Devil in existence today is Plain Ignorance and sad to say the modern Christian world in the Name of Jesus is probably at the top of that list because the relegate their minds to so called pastors and teachers and phonies in the name of authority rather than research and test everything for themselves.

As far as Revelation 20:5-10 and 20:7, notice it says this we believe to be an excursion, not KNOW to be, and Christ didn't say
you would Believe the Truth and it would Set you Free, He said you Will Know it.

As I quoted on my site from the movie the matrix, Knowing the Path and Walking on it are 2 Different things but once true knowing comes there is no more need for Belief.

Im sure there is an answer to those verses above but at this point, I won't pretend to say I know them as I haven't researched it enough yet but did come across some explanations. Interestingly enough 2000 plus years have passed since the Reve 20 5-10. So ah if its only supposed to be a 1000 years then those events should have taken place Rev 20:5-10 a 1000 years ago, yet we are now over 2000 years.

I suggest to anyone who is serious about eschatology, read Stuart Russells Book but also get a copy of Don Preston's little booklet for free, Can God Tell Time, Obviously most Christians Can't.
#4 - Vinnie - 07/07/2012 - 15:41
God's Truth
In all these comments, I see people use this or that Scripture to support *their* view of the matter.
Jesus gave us what we needed to know, at *that* time.
The Scriptures teach that God has been 'progressively' revealing his Purpose, as the time for it arrives.
Proverbs 4:18;
But the path of the righteous ones is like the bright light that is getting lighter and lighter until the day is firmly established.

In many verses, God uses the word 'day' to symbolize the Millennial reign of Christ.
So Proverbs is here referring to the increase in knowledge regarding God's Purpose, which occurs before "the end".
Daniel mentioned this occurring during "the time of the end", either the "end of the gentile times", or the end of the period during which the satan has dominion over the earth.—2 Corinthians 4:4.

The Bible does NOT indicate how long this period of time is, but Jesus said; "this good news of the kingdom will be preached in all the inhabited earth ... and then the end will come."
As "the [true] knowledge will[has] become abundant",
it becomes more obvious that many of the dogmas of the past are contradictions of God's Word.
This is another indication that God is readying his forces, to remove the wicked, as prophesied in the 37th Psalm.

The Greek word "parousia" has never meant 'coming' or 'arrival'.
It has always meant "presence", and in Jesus' day, it could have been the correct answer to a teacher's calling the names of the students, if such had occurred.
The "presence" of Christ, was still future at the time the prophetic statements were being written, as is seen in the 110th Psalm, where God tells Christ; "Sit at my right hand, Until I place your enemies as a stool for your feet."

That time has come, as the prophecy of war in heaven (Revelation 12:7-13, esp. vs 10.) and the resultant cataclysmic period following the satan being "hurled down to the earth" has brought about "woe for the earth and for the sea".
During this time, its becoming more and more clear just who actively supports Christ, and who is actively supporting the satan.
As this draws nearer its end, "[the distinction] between a righteous one and a wicked one,
between one serving God and one who has not served him,"
is an important aspect of allowing God's people to identify who they serve, even if it endangers them.

The "parousia" then is an important part of God's Purpose,
for it not only aids in "separate[ing] the sheep from the goats",
but also serves as a "witness" to help honest-hearted ones to make their stand for God's side.
In that regard, it also helps to show where we are, in the stream of time.
Jesus said "that day and hour nobody knows", but later, Paul wrote,
"whenever it is that they are saying: “Peace and security!”
then sudden destruction is to be instantly upon them,"
so this means that the cry of "Peace" would came when there is no peace.
We live in just such a time, even as Christ prophesied; "wars and rumours of wars".

The "parousia", or "presence" of Christ could not be any clearer,
unless he was clearly seen by "every eye".
Yet his presence was to invisible, just as stated at Acts 1:11,
when the angels said; "Jesus ... will come thus in the same manner as YOU have beheld him going into the sky.”
That is, hidden in a cloud.
The "sign of his presence" is here, now, all around us.
Even now we see the fulfillment of the words,
"anguish of nations, not knowing the way out", of their difficulties.
Now is the time, to choose whether we each will be counted as sheep,
or as goats.

My advice is to "follow the Christ",
and be like the "bride, keep on saying: “Come!”, ... let anyone that wishes take life’s water free."
#5 - Jon Steedley - 08/04/2012 - 03:57
Every eye will see him even those who pierced him. You convienantly forgot and those who pierced him. Those who pierced him were only alive in the first century.

Btw I see you took away one of my posts, you know the one you had no answer for?

The one that had about 200 verses saying there is only one God, None Before me and None After Me?

Individuals who are in True Relationship with God have nothing to fear, Goats on the other hand try to cover up what they don't like or doesn't fit into their little box of Ideas especially when it challenges their pet beliefs that are not substantiated by facts.

I find it funny you labeled your last post God's Truth. No, it's simply your Perception of what you Think and Believe is true.

Facts and Beliefs are not always equal in reality.

And according to the Apostle Paul the Good News Was Preached to all the Earth and Every Creature Under Heaven back then, done, finished, accomplished.

And the End Jesus was speaking of was the End of the Age or Aion, According to Vines, an age Signified by approximately 40 Years.

Your perspective is quite flawed.

Wisdom is seeing what is. Anyone who supports the Facts, supports God.

Btw our Nation Does know the Way out, Ron Paul is a Prime Example of that, however Most people are asleep and could not discern Fact From Fiction if it Bit them in the nose and kicked them in the butt.

The reason why this nation will not get out at this time is 3 fold, one Peoples Ignorance of the Facts and 2 a small group of individuals who know this and take advantage of it by manipulating peoples weak Minds and 3 Most people don't really want True Answers to their Problems, they want to be placated with Nice Dogma and a little cookie cutter belief system. They have no real faith, take away the book they worship, take away their church and pastor and put them in unbearable circumstances then see how they hold up.

Many so called Christians are going to be in absolute terror in 2013.
God took his hand off this nation but as always has and always will have a remnant.

Those who have risen above the World of Beliefs and Ideas can see it as Plain as Day.

The Way out of any problem is quite Simple when the sentence below is fully comprehended and understood.

When habitual thought supplies an answer to a problem, that answer becomes the next problem.

Right thinking Solves problems and makes the crooked paths straight, wrong thinking makes one a problem junkie.

God Knows who is in relationship with him, He doesn't require labels, beliefs and dogma which by the way are Divisive by nature.

The moment you say your white and someone is black or Im italian and your Irish you have put a rift between yourself and the person or persons you have labeled.

God only requires that one sincerely ask, seek and knock.

God is whole, not Divided. Modern Christianity on the other hand has over 35,000 different denominations and not one of them can even agree on such a simple concept as Baptism.

You know what side you are on by the Spirit in you, if you fear anything with the exception of being momentarily taken off guard by a knee jerk reaction you are on the wrong side.

And Psalm 62:1

For God Alone My Soul Waits in Silence, From Him Comes My Salvation.

Salvation is no more complicated than that one sentence.

If people would remain mentally silent long enough to listen for something other than their own Wheels Spinning they Would Know God Exists without a Single Doubt or thought about him, without any beliefs because Knowing would take the Place of all the False beliefs they have been programmed with since birth.

Thoughts cannot enter Heaven, if they could they would try to make it into what they wanted and would rip it apart.

God is good, in the fire, through the fire and out of the fire.

And you use this or that scripture to support your view of it, which btw way is very questionable according to just a few scriptures I pointed out above.
#6 - Vinnie - 09/03/2012 - 23:25
If Jerusalem was the "Babylon" of Revelation...why is it still here?
I found "The Parousia" interesting but very incomplete. One huge problem, if Matt 24 and Revelation are referring to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD, then why is Jerusalem STILL HERE?

On page 337 of The Parousia, "we conclude that Babylon is the symbolic name of the wicked and doomed city, the old Jerusalem, whose judgment is here predicted."

Rev 18:21-24 says Babylon is completely destroyed: "Then a mighty angel picked up a boulder the size of a large millstone and threw it into the sea, and said:
'With such violence the great city of Babylon will be thrown down,
never to be found again. The music of harpists and musicians, flute players and trumpeters, will never be heard in you again.
No workman of any trade will ever be found in you again. The sound of a millstone will never be heard in you again. The light of a lamp will never shine in you again. The voice of bridegroom and bride will never be heard in you again. Your merchants were the world's great men. By your magic spell all the nations were led astray. In her was found the blood of prophets and of the saints,
and of all who have been killed on the earth.' "

That also means that Rome is not Babylon either, since it is still here as well.

The fact that the destruction of Babylon in Revelation is described as complete means that it did not apply to Jerusalem in 70 AD and it hasn't happened yet.
#7 - Seyemore - 04/04/2014 - 09:54
Preterism or A.D. 70 theory is a false doctrine and here's why. When you read the bible for the first time or for the tenth time the end result is always the same.

The reason it's always the same is that the bible clearly tells us how the end of time will happen, BUT, in order to be a believer in A.D.70 theory you would never know of it from the bible as you are told of it's existence from someone who has been told about it.

They then take you step by step in order to see what they are wanting you to see, this should be such a big red flag telling you that it's a false doctrine because God isn't the author of this, man is, because man was the one that created it.

Remember this was originally created by a Jesuit Priest to take the heat off the pope from being the antichrist in which they were saying people were telling others that Revelations says that the pope is the antichrist, this is why the A.D. 70 theory was created,to try and take the attention away from the pope and the accusations that were affecting him.

The Jesuit Priest came up with an elaborate scheme in which verses were used to make it seem like the bible was incorrect in what it was saying about the end of time was, which they made it to be the day of the destruction of Jerusalem, being 70 A.D.

They utilized verses to make it seem to validate there claim. By changing or adding different meanings to words and taking verses that were being used for something other than the verse was intended for.

God made it easy to learn the truth, but man is attempting to distort that, this has to stop now.
#8 - Jerry Crabb - 09/22/2014 - 12:27
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